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First Aid Training - CPR

During normal CPR, the patient’s body is thrusted into a position that’s located in the middle of the chest. These are then used to create ventilations by blowing air into the mouth and nose. For infants, the rescuer should make the ventilations at the same time. It’s recommended for people aged 2 to 24.

For instance, if two trained rescuers are present, the normal compression-to-vitalization ratio should be 30:2. However, in 2015, the AHA revised its guidelines to recommend a 15:1 ratio for newborns. This method involves using a combination of compressions and ventilation to maintain a steady flow of oxygen. In an advanced airway treatment, using a laryngeal mask or an endotracheal tube, the patient should be continuously ventilated using a rate of one breath every 6 to 8 seconds.

For adults and children, the goal is to maintain a compression rate of at least 100 per minute. For infants, the depth of their compressions should be at least 4 cm. Rescuers should use two hands to perform chest compressions. They can also use one hand to reach into the victim’s body while the other hand is used to maintain a steady flow of air.

Some plastic respirators and shields can also be used during rescue breaths to seal the gap between the victim and the rescuer. These are designed to prevent infections.

If the patient’s heart is not beating properly, it can be caused by a malfunction of the rhythm of the heart. A defibrillator can help restore the patient’s rhythm.

It’s also important that people ask for and use a defibrillator, as these are automatic devices that can be used to restore a patient’s heart rhythm. These devices have recorded voice instructions that can guide the user through the process.

For adults and children, the first step in performing CPR is to establish a chest compressions. They should then attempt to open the airway using a chin lift and a head tilt. However, in 2010, the UK Resuscitation Council still suggested an ABC order for children.

Since it can be hard to determine if a patient’s pulse is present or not, it’s recommended that healthcare providers stop performing a pulse check.